By John Macquarrie, James F. Childress
A key reference paintings for a all who're learning Christian ethics.
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Additional resources for A New Dictionary of Christian Ethics
Freud's theory of a "death impulse" and Adler's understanding of the "will to power" focus on what is innate in humans, while Malinowski, Dollard, and Maslow focus on the socio- Alcoholism 17 and the development of asylums for the care and treatment of inebriates. The choice to medicalize alcoholism was based on the medical consequences of excessive drinking, as well as the hope that medicine would in fact be able to treat and cure alcoholics. In addition, there was the beginning of the attempt generally to medicalize vices.
When the first social worker was introduced into the Royal Free Hospital in London in 1894, she was given the title of "almoner"; since then that word in England has come to mean a medical social worker. With the growth of social services and the reduction of poverty*, direct almsgiving has tended to decline, and the very large numbers of those who give money away do so by subscribing to charities and voluntary social service organizations. Almsgiving has become a vicarious act. See Charity; Mutual Aid; Philanthropy; Social Service of the Church; Welfare State.
See also Just War; Militarism; War. 2 Alienation but none of these has been thoroughly convincing, though there do appear to be some genetically determined differences in the response of individuals to ethanol. Problems with alcohol abuse and dependence are listed as disorders in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (M980) of the American Psychiatric Association. Excessive alcohol consumption continues to be regarded within different theoretical frameworks. Religious groups continue to impute some level of responsibility to individuals who develop such an expression of the vice of gluttony*.