By Mike Wright, Bart Clarysse, Philippe Mustar, Andy Lockett
Educational Entrepreneurship in Europe Wright, M. Clarysse, B. Mustar, P. Lockett, A. This ebook advances our knowing of college spin-off construction and improvement in environments open air the high-tech clusters of the USA. whereas there was gigantic college spin-off task across the world in recent times, a variety of significant elements are little understood. The authors argue that the nature of universities is altering as diminished public investment displays a public debate on their function in society. a huge element of this overseas phenomenon is an elevated emphasis at the commercialization of collage examine and on educational entrepreneurship. those new ventures accordingly contain the spinning-off of know-how and data generated through universities. The authors undertake a multi-level technique of their exam of college spin-offs. ecu case reports are in particular chosen to mirror the variety of the institutional atmosphere. In specific, devices of research regarding universities, expertise move workplaces, spin-off companies, finance services and person marketers and groups are commonly analysed in quantitative and qualitative reviews. To finish, coverage implications for the longer term profitable improvement of spin-offs are pointed out. This interesting e-book will attract a wide-ranging viewers together with lecturers, coverage makers, researchers and practitioners with an curiosity in educational entrepreneurship and collage spin-offs, and, extra quite often, in enterprise and administration and entrepreneurship.
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Extra info for Academic Entrepreneurship in Europe
Also in Sweden, the public authorities have done a lot to change attitudes and provide a framework for universities to commercialize new technology. 1 A FRAMEWORK TO FACILITATE SPIN-OFFS AND START-UPS FROM UNIVERSITIES AND PUBLIC RESEARCH ORGANIZATIONS: THE GERMAN EXIST PROGRAMME In 1998, the Federal Ministry of Education and Research launched the ‘EXIST – University-based start-ups’ programme. The aim is to increase the number of innovative start-ups and to establish a culture of entrepreneurship in higher education institutes.
2003b). The value added of the various incubation initiatives remains questionable however. In a study of three of the ﬁve countries covered by the book (Germany, Belgium and Sweden), we identiﬁed a ‘prominent’ incubator which was selected by the local government sponsors of incubation programmes as a ‘best practice’. We analysed the value added of these incubators both from the incubator tenant point of view and from the company point of view. It was clear that the only value added of the incubator was related to facility management.
As the survey was conducted with the support of the two associations of technology transfer oﬃcers in the UK, the Universities’ Companies Association (UNICO) and the Association of Universities Research and Industrial Liaison oﬃcers (AURIL), we were able to identify the most suitable respondent through their membership. We conducted an initial telephone exercise to identify the most suitable person to complete the questionnaire. This person was typically the head of the TTO or their designate. We received information from 98 of these universities.