By Scott Andrew Shane
In the course of my tenure at Cornell University's Entrepreneur In place of dwelling, i discovered Scott Shane's publication to be a helpful source filled with facts and perception.
Read Online or Download Academic Entrepreneurship: University Spinoffs and Wealth Creation (New Horizons in Entrepreneurship Series,) PDF
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Additional resources for Academic Entrepreneurship: University Spinoffs and Wealth Creation (New Horizons in Entrepreneurship Series,)
Similar results have been found in other countries. Mustar (1997) found that only 16 percent of the French spinoffs he studied had failed over the sixyear period that he tracked them. Dahlstrand (1997) found that only 13 percent of the spinoffs from Chalmers Institute of Technology in Sweden founded between 1960 and 1993 had failed by 1993. Kobus (1992) reports that the University of Twente in the Netherlands created 92 spinoff companies from 1984 to 1992, and that only 16 had failed by 1992. Blair and Hitchens (1998) found that Queen’s University in Northern Ireland created 17 spinoffs from 1984 to 1995, and only one had failed by 1997.
An equity holding in a spinoff company is this type of investment. The data that I collected on the MIT spinoffs support the proposition that universities will not earn very much money through royalties on licensed inventions. For instance, the inventor–founder of one biotechnology spinoff explains, Most companies will not pay very much for early stage technology. Industry is being asked to bear most of the risk of the conversion of that technology into something tangibly valuable and, as a result of that, the Institute has residuals to that intellectual property that are not worth a whole lot.
Spinoffs are an effective commercialization vehicle for uncertain technologies University spinoffs are an effective vehicle for commercializing uncertain, early stage university technologies that otherwise would remain unlicensed because large, established firms are unwilling to invest in the development of these types of inventions. Thursby and Thursby (2000) conducted a survey of licensees of university technologies and found that one of the two most important reasons why established companies do not license university technology is the early stage of development of the invention.