By Alan D. Wilson;John W. Nicholson
There was a failure to acknowledge acid-base cements as a unmarried, well-defined classification of fabric. This e-book makes an attempt to treatment this case via unifying the topic and treating this variety of fabrics as a unmarried category. Following a quick ancient review, an introductory bankruptcy defines those cements as fabrics which are shaped by means of reacting a easy powder with an acidic liquid to yield a salt-like matrix. the character of the cementation procedure and the cement-forming acids and bases are mentioned. different chapters are dedicated to the equipment of analysis, the constitution of water and straightforward polyelectrolyte conception.
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Extra resources for Acid-Base Cements: Their Biomedical and Industrial Applications (Chemistry of Solid State Materials)
Kent, B. E. (1971). The glass-ionomer cement: a new 28 References translucent cement for dentistry. Journal of Applied Chemistry and Biotechnology, 21, 313. Wilson, A. , Paddon, J. M. & Crisp, S. (1979). The hydration of dental cements. Journal of Dental Research, 58, 1065-71. Wygant, J. F. (1958). Cementitious bonding in ceramic fabrication. In Kingery, W. D. ) Ceramic Fabrication Processes, pp. 171-88. New York: John Wiley & Sons. Yatsimirskii, K. (1970). Acid-base and donor-acceptor properties of ions and molecules.
However, the theory of Arrhenius is far more narrow than both its predecessors and its successors and, indeed, it is the most restrictive of all acid-base theories. Since Arrhenius, definitions have extended the scope of what we mean by acids and bases. These theories include the proton transfer definition of Bronsted-Lowry (Bronsted, 1923; Lowry, 1923a,b), the solvent system concept (Day & Selbin, 1969), the Lux-Flood theory for oxide melts, the electron pair donor and acceptor definition of Lewis (1923, 1938) and the broad theory of Usanovich (1939).
New York: John Wiley. Bell, R. P. (1947). The use of the terms 'acid' and 'base'. Quarterly Reviews, 1, 113-25. Bell, R. P. (1973). The Proton in Chemistry. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press. Bjerrum, J. (1951). Die Entwickhmgsgeschichte des Saure-Basenbegriffes und iiber die ZweckmaBigkeit der Einfuhrung eines besonderen Antibasenbegriffes neben dem Saurebegriff. Naturwissenschaften, 38, 461-4. Boyle, R. (1661). The Sceptical Chymist. Everyman Library Edition, 1911. Brensted, J. N. (1923).