By Jennifer Clapp (auth.)
With the adoption of a global Bank-sponsored structural adjustment programme within the mid-1980s, Guinea underwent a dramatic switch in its fiscal and agricultural guidelines. The country's adventure during the last decade illustrates probably the most urgent difficulties encountered by means of African nations pursuing fiscal reform. This e-book analyses those problems by way of studying the adjustment adventure in Guinea because it affected the country's total political economic system and the rural zone particularly. It additionally areas this situation in the broader context of African adjustment.
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Additional info for Adjustment and Agriculture in Africa: Farmers, the State and the World Bank in Guinea
It was much easier for farmers to channel efforts into one crop and raise its production at the expense of other crops than it was to increase production of all crops. The Berg Report claimed that it was unlikely that export crops would be favoured over food crops, as their production should grow together. 69 However, by 1989 the Bank admitted that export crops had in some cases been favoured over food crops in the 1986-7 period. " Furthermore, he stressed Africa, Agriculture and World Bank 29 that most of the variation in agricultural performance between countries could not be adequately explained.
The World Bank also began to help African governments set-up schemes to assist those dismissed from the civil service to find jobs, be retrained, and to start their own firms in the private sector. " 26 Adjustment and Agriculture in Africa The Bank's biggest leap into the topic of the politics of adjustment was expressed in its report From Crisis to Sustainable Growth. Here the Bank focused on the issue of governance. The report stressed that 'underlying the Iitany of Africa's problems is a crisis of governance.
26 Adjustment and Agriculture in Africa The Bank's biggest leap into the topic of the politics of adjustment was expressed in its report From Crisis to Sustainable Growth. Here the Bank focused on the issue of governance. The report stressed that 'underlying the Iitany of Africa's problems is a crisis of governance. ':" Stating that African governments needed to do away with corruption, it also stressed that local governments should be strengthened to allow for popular participation in the development process.