Download An Introduction to Moral Philosophy and Moral Education by Robin Barrow PDF

By Robin Barrow

This e-book provides and argues for an ethical thought which pulls on many of the significant theoretical positions to some extent, however it additionally spells out the boundaries and bounds of an ethical concept. In doing so, it exposes a couple of universal confusions and misunderstandings approximately morality, and provides a robust argument for a few undeniable truths in terms of the ethical sphere. Divided into 4 elements, the e-book covers the main concerns inside ethical philosophy: part one presents a lucid and strong account of the character and boundaries of ethical conception, sharply distinguishing it from faith part two outlines a favorable ethical concept by way of exploring the defining ideas of morality and the explanations for being ethical part three distinguishes ethical values from others corresponding to ecological, future health and protection and sexual values part four is anxious with the consequences of our ethical figuring out for ethical schooling. whereas this booklet concentrates on argument and concepts, a remark to every bankruptcy offers ancient context and modern reference issues. it's going to turn out a useful source for college kids of either schooling and Philosophy.

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Sample text

In the same way, it may be argued that to live the moral life brings with it a certain satisfaction. Some would say that this is to import the idea of extraneous reward as a motive for being moral. It seems to me that it is not, that satisfaction in living the moral life (or in having a developed aesthetic sense or having good friends) is not an extrinsic reward in the way that winning popularity or a cash prize is. In any case, however we classify it, it is surely reasonable to argue to those who are inclined to opt out of the generally beneficial and desirable moral system that in so doing, apart from risking penalties of various kinds, they may very likely be trading in a real and rich personal satisfaction for a far from certain material gain.

The fact of the matter is that morality and religion are logically distinct and we must not confuse them. There have been religions which are not recognizably moral in any way, and there can be morality without religion. ) There are religions (Christianity is one) that are closely tied up with moral viewpoints, but that is a contingent fact – a fact about the world that might have been different. The question of how or in what sense we have certain moral obligations or what it means to say that certain obligations are moral is not going to be answered by an appeal to religion.

Everybody knows that once a moral system is in place, an individual can take advantage of it and, relying on most others abiding by it, can convince himself that he does not need to abide by it. But that is not the same thing as saying that we collectively could wish upon ourselves an immoral or even a non-moral world. And while some people do take advantage of others without remorse, or do prima facie wrong things that they nonetheless seek to justify, as no doubt the two Gestapo men justified their behaviour to themselves, it is hard to imagine anyone, even they, saying with pride something like ‘I beat up small children’.

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